The variety of ecosystems and landscapes present in Eastern Andalusia ensures this ancient place is home to some of the most interesting bird species in Europe. Due to its strategic location, and in addition to having a large number of resident birds, it is also an obligatory stop-off for many migratory birds, thus enriching the list of species you can see, depending on the time of year.
The tour begins in Campiña de Jaén and Cordoba where, despite the intensification of farming, certain anthropised areas still remain to serve as a refuge for steppe birds: great bustards, little bustards, European rollers and Montagu's harriers. Furthermore, these are important feeding and dispersion zones for large birds of prey.
The visit continues with a stop at Sierra de Andújar Nature Reserve, where you will be blown away with mid-mountain landscapes characterised by gentle reliefs and enormous expanses of natural vegetation. Here, endangered species, such as the Iberian lynx, share a habitat with the powerful Spanish imperial eagle. Additionally, you will be able to enjoy the second largest colony in Andalusia of cinereous vultures, which currently is home to 79 pairs (data from 2016).
Continuing in the Province of Jaén, you will head to Despeñaperros Natural Park that, despite being one of the smallest natural spaces in Andalusia, enjoys extraordinary natural, historical and geographical importance. It is a rural setting with almost vertical hillsides, where time has carved intriguing formations that today are the basis for the settlement of species like the griffon vulture, Bonelli's eagle and peregrine falcons.
In Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park sheer cliffs mix with deep valleys and forests of black pine trees, over which soar bearded vultures and eagles.
From here, you will head to Desierto de Tabernas Natural Park. This is the only desert area in Europe and it offers spectacular scenery and is home to different species of flora and fauna, including the alpine swift and the trumpeter finch.
Recognised internationally as a Biosphere Reserve and Geopark, this tour concludes with a visit to Cabo de Gata-Níjar in Almeria. This contrasting area with sea, coast and volcanic land is home to numerous species unique to one of the most arid ecosystems in Europe. Here, you can observe black wheatears, black-bellied sandgrouse and marbled ducks.